Color Management Resources
- Monitor Basics in Plain English
- Color Management Resources
Monitor color temperature and luminance change with time – adjusting through calibration
Why do colors vary between different output devices?
Under continued use, a monitor's white color temperature and brightness change gradually over time.
Assume a monitor's color temperature was set to 5,000 K and its brightness to 100 cd/m2 when purchased. Since these values will change with time under continued use, a few months later the white will have become warmer and the brightness will have dimmed, to 4,500 K and 90 cd/m2 , respectively.
For this reason, calibration is important to return the monitor to its original state—i.e., to a color temperature of 5,000 K and a brightness of 100 cd/m2.
When using a monitor for graphics, stable color can be maintained at all times by conducting calibration at a frequency of once every 200–300 hours.
An LCD monitor used for graphics should be calibrated at least once every 200–300 hours (in ordinary use, once per month)
A CMS is designed to enable uniform reproduction of colors on all devices.
A CMS is an integrated system to enable uniform reproduction of colors from input through output, taking into consideration the color characteristics and tendencies of each device.
Building a CMS system starts with preparing profiles containing data on the color characteristics of each device. Some color profiles are provided standard by device manufacturers, but when higher precision is required a CMS tool can be used to prepare such profiles. These profiles can be used with the color engines included in personal-computer operating systems and other programs to share colors between devices.
Individual monitors vary – absorbing variations through calibration
Colors can vary among individual monitors. Naturally, differences in the extent of use can lead to variations in changes over time. Even when new products have been configured identically, minor variations may occur.
For this reason, calibration is important when adjusting colors to uniform levels, to absorb these individual differences.
Preparing the accurate profiles required for color management
When implementing color management, profiles are required for the various monitors to be used. Since monitor profiles are prepared when conducting calibration, these profiles are configured in the personal computer's operating system. This configuration makes it possible to increase the precision of color management overall.